FBNH Reports Gross Earnings of N581.8 Billion,up 15.7% Year-on-Year


FOR20170428162632 THE FULL YEAR ENDED 31 DECEMBER 2016

FBN Holdings Plc. (“FBNH” or “FBNHoldings” or the “Group”) today announces its audited results for the full year ended 31 December 2016.

Income Statement[1]

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     *.Gross earnings ofN8billion, up 15.7% year-on-year (y-o-y) (Dec2015:N502.7 billion)

*.Net-interest income ofN4 billion, up 14.8% y-o-y (Dec 2015:N265.2 billion)

*.Non-interest income ofN5 billion, up 68.9% y-o-y (Dec 2015:N97.9 billion)

*.Operating income ofN9 billion, up 29.4% y-o-y (Dec 2015:N363.1 billion)

.*Impairment charge for credit losses ofN0 billion (Dec 2015:N118.8 billion)*.

*.Operating expenses ofN9 billion, down 0.8% y-o-y (Dec 2015:N222.7 billion)

*.Profit before tax ofN9 billion, up 6.3% y-o-y (Dec 2015:N21.6 billion)

*.Profit after taxN1 billion, up 10.3% y-o-y (Dec 2015:N15.5 billion)[2]

Statement of Financial Position

*.Total assets ofN7 trillion, up 13.7% (Dec 2015:N4.2 trillion)

*.Customer deposits ofN1 trillion, up 4.5% (Dec 2015:N3.0 trillion)

*.Customer loans and advances (net) ofN1 trillion, up 14.7% (Dec 2015:N1.8 trillion)

Key Ratios

*.Post-tax return on average equity of 3.0% (Dec 2015: 2.8%)

*.Post-tax return on average assets of 0.4% (Dec 2015: 0.4%)

*.Net-interest margin of 8.8% (Dec 2015: 8.1%)

*.Cost to income ratio of 47.0% (Dec 2015: 61.3%)

*.NPL ratio of 24.4% (Dec 2015: 18.1%)

*.7% liquidity ratio (FirstBank (Nigeria)) (Dec 2015: 58.6%)

*.8% Basel 2 capital adequacy ratio ((FirstBank (Nigeria)) (Dec 2015: 17.1%)

*.6% Basel 2 CAR (FBN Merchant Bank) (Dec 2015: 23.0%)

Notable Developments

*Key leadership changes across the group[3]:

*.Appointed new executives within the Commercial Banking group

*Executive Director – Corporate Banking.

*Chief Risk Officer

*.Chief Financial Officer

*.Group Executive, Technology and ServicesServices

*.Overhauled the Risk Management framework and governance of the Commercial banking group.

*.African Development Bank (AfDB) approval of $300 million to refinance FirstBank’s trade finance transactions.

*.FirstBank sustained its leadership as the only financial institution in Nigeria to achieve 100 million electronic-banking transactions per month.

*Launched *894# USSD banking service to deepen financial inclusion.

*FBN Insurance now the fastest growing Insurance company in Nigeria

Commenting on the results, UK Eke, the Group Managing Director said:

“2016 has been a year characterised by significant uncertainty in the operating environment. Despite this, FBNHoldings has delivered a solid performance while focusing on addressing the pre-existing issues in the loan book which resulted in the current loan loss. This performance has been achieved through ongoing initiatives in driving efficiency across the various businesses, transforming the risk management and control environment, containing cost, as well as enhancing revenue generation from the banking and non-banking subsidiaries.

We expect an improved economic environment through 2017 and are confident that the foundations we have put in place will drive improved financial performance and consequently enhance shareholder returns.”


Group Financial Review


Income statement


Gross earnings increased by 15.7% y-o-y toN581.8 billion (Dec 2015:N502.7 billion), driven by 2.6% y-o-y growth in interest income toN405.3 billion and 68.9% y-o-y growth in non-interest income toN165.5 billion. This highlights the revenue generatingcapacity of the Group despite the challenging business environment and it clearly demonstrates the resilience of our business and is consistent with our aspiration of becoming the foremost financial services company in Middle Africa.


closed atN304.4 billion (Dec 2015:N265.2 billion), a growth of 14.8% y-o-y driven by a 22.4% reduction in interest expense toN100.8 billion (Dec 2015:N130.0 billion) and a 2.6% y-o-y increase in interest income toN405.3 billion (Dec 2015:N395.2).

The reduction in interest expense is in line with our deliberate strategy of letting off expensive customers’ deposits and only accepting deposits that are within our price ranges. This initiative resulted in 24.5% y-o-y decline in interest in customers’deposits closing atN78.8 billion (Dec 2015:N104.2 billion). The gain in interest to customers was however partly offset by the 22.9% y-o-y increase on borrowings toN18.8 billion (Dec 2015:N15.3 billion), primarily driven by translation effect of the devaluation of the currency.

The growth in interest income was driven primarily by 14.2% y-o-y growth in interest in investment securities toN115.4 billion (Dec 2015:N101.0 billion) as interest earning investmentsecurities grew by 23.1% y-o-y toN1,194 billion (Dec 2015:N970.2 billion). Interest on customer loans on the other hand grew marginally by 0.2% as loans to customers grew by a 14.7% y-o-y. However, the growth in customer loans was essentially driven by the translation effect of the currency movement.

Cost of funds improved to 2.8% (Dec 2015: 3.7%) indicating better efficiency in pricing. While blended cost of borrowings increased to 6.6% from 5.3% in the prior year, blended cost of bank and customer deposits declined to 1.2% and 2.6% from 6.6% and 3.5% respectively. Average yield on assets declined marginally from 12.1% to 11.7% by 2016 year end. Consequently,net interest marginincreased to 8.8% from 8.1% in the prior year.

(NII) increased by 68.9% y-o-y toN165.5 billion (Dec 2015:N97.9billion) contributing 35.2% to net revenue (Dec 2015: 26.9%). The increase in non-interest incomecan be attributed to the foreign exchange translation gain as well as an increase in fees and commission income. Foreign exchange income for the year increased toN89.1 billion (Dec 2015:N22.2 billion), representing 53.8% of non-interest income (Dec 2015: 22.7%). The revaluation gain arose from exchange rate movements on the Group’s long foreign currency balance sheet position as at reporting date.


Fees and commission (F&C) income, representing 43.1% (Dec 2015: 65.2%) of total non-interest income, grew by 11.7% toN71.4 billion (Dec 2015:N63.9 billion). The growth in F&C income is driven predominantly by a 42.1% y-o-y increase in electronic banking fees toN21.8 billion (Dec 2015:N15.4 billion) and to a lesser extent, remittance fees and money transfer commissionsincrease toN5.4 billion (+18.4% y-o-y) andN5.2 billion (+64.2% y-o-y) respectively. This was partly offset by a 2.2% decline in account maintenance fees toN15.6 billion (Dec 2015:N16.0). Electronic banking fees is now the highest component of F&C at30.6% (Dec 2015: 24.1%), with account maintenance fees accounting for 21.9% of F&C (Dec 2015: 25.0%).

In line with our Group strategy, we remain focused on extractingthe opportunities within our business and improve revenue generation. In line with this initiative, the non-interest income ofthe group was enhanced by the 14.8% growth of our net insurance premium revenue ofN8.4 billion (Dec 2015:N7.3 billion). Similarly, financial advisory fees from our merchant banking and assets management business contributed to the growth in total financial advisory income toN7.1 billion at the end of December 2016 fromN5.3 billion at the end of December 2015 and contributing 10.0% to group fees and commission income.

 declined by 0.8% y-o-y toN220.9 billion (Dec 2015:N222.7 billion) despite the high inflationary environment. This demonstrates the success of our cost optimisation initiatives which resulted in increased operational efficiency of our business and in a decline in: regulatory costs[18](-4.0%,N1.2 billion) toN28.8 billion, advert and corporate promotions (-25.3%,N2.1 billion) toN6.3 billion, directors remuneration (-45.0%,N2.9 billion) toN3.5 billion, legal and professional fees (-19.7%,N1.2 billion) toN4.9 billion, net insurance claims (-33.8%,N1.1 billion) toN2.2 billion amongst other several cost line declines. These costs savings were however partly offset by some operational expenses partly due to the inflationary environment. These include: maintenance cost (+18.4%,N3.5 billion) toN22.8 billion, staff cost (+4.7%,N3.7 billion) toN83.8 billion, operational and other losses (+174.7%,N3.8 billion) toN6.0 billion.


Notwithstanding what we have achieved so far, we will continueto focus on operational efficiency to further improve current results. Currently, we are implementing the First Share Service (FSS) initiative which aims at centralising transaction processesat the branches. This ensures that the Commercial Bank optimises its human resources, leverages the technology platform and frees-up resources for market facing activities including revenue generation. Furthermore, the ongoing implementation of our ERP/ERM project in addition with other initiatives including the Group Share Service project, will fundamentally change the way we operate and further drive down operating cost.


improved to 47.0% (Dec 2015: 61.3%) following strong operating income growth and a sustained decline in operating expenses. Current improvement has been achieved largely through entrenched discipline in budget and procurement, optimising manning levels across functions and other conscious cost containment measures of the Group. We remain resolute in our commitment to further enhance our efficiency level.

Net impairment charge on credit losses amounted toN226.0 billion (Dec 2015:N118.8 billion), largely driven by the translation effect of the foreign currency portfolio due to the Naira devaluation as well as one-off exceptional credit charge from legacy exposures in subsidiaries. Credit losses are predominately driven by the oil and gas sector exposures and toa lesser extent real estate/residential mortgages, general commerce and the general sectors. As a result,Cost of riskincreased to 10.4% (Dec 2015: 5.7%), whileNPL ratioclosed at 24.4% (Dec 2015: 18.1%).


We have remained focused on remediation and recovery activities towards declassifying non-performing accounts and driving asset quality improvements. In line with this, we have made significant progress on remediation and recovery of NPLsin the last nine months. One of the three major accounts contributing to the NPL has been fully restructured and will be reclassified as a performing loan in 2017 in line with IFRS guideline, while asset realization is at advanced stage on the second material NPL.


Resolution on Atlantic Energy has taken longer than expected but despite the delays we are confident in achieving a positive outcome in the near future.

Profit before tax closed6.3% higher y-o-y atN22.9 billion (Dec 2015:N21.6 billion). Income tax expense wasN5.8 billion (Dec 2015:N6.0 billion), resulting in an effective tax rate for the period at 25.3% (Dec 2015: 28.0%). This resulted inearnings per share[19]ofN0.53 (Dec 2015:N0.44), withpost-tax return on average equityof 3.0% (Dec 2015: 2.8%) andpost-tax return19on average total assetsof 0.4% (Dec 2015: 0.4%).


Statement of Financial Position

Total assetsincreased by 13.7% y-o-y toN4.7 trillion (Dec 2015:N4.2 trillion) driven by: increase in loans to customers as well as growth in investment securities. Net loans to customers grew by 14.7% toN2.1 trillion (Dec 2015:N1.8 trillion), while total investment securities[20]were up by 23.8% y-o-y toN1.3 trillion (Dec 2015:N1.0 trillion). Total interest earning assets grew by 17.7% y-o-y toN3.7 trillion fromN3.2 trillion, representing 79.0% of total assets (Dec 2015: 76.3%).

rose by 4.5%[21]y-o-y toN3.1 trillion (Dec 2015:N3.0 trillion). We continue to focus on ensuring an appropriate deposit mix at the optimum price. Low-cost deposits now represent 72.9% of the Group’s total deposits, up from 67.3% as at December 2015. The growth in deposit has been driven by a 14.8%and 31.5% increase in savings and domiciliary deposits toN952.7 billion (Dec 2015:N829.8 billion) andN564.7 billion (Dec 2015:N429.4 billion) respectively, with term deposits declining by 13.2% y-o-y toN842.3 billion (Dec 2015:N970.4 billion). This is testament to the strength of our franchise as well as of our ability to attract a well-diversified funding base, despite the difficult market environment.Within FirstBank(Nigeria) retail banking[22]deposits continue to grow strongly at 70.6% of total deposits (Dec 2015: 67.7%) as deposits in other business lines grew stronger during the year. Foreign currency deposits now represent 18.2% of the Group’s total deposits (Dec 2015: 14.5%) but 18.9% (Dec 2015: 17.8%) ofthe FirstBank (Nigeria) deposits atN470.7 billion.

At year end, FirstBank(Nigeria) hadN536.95 billion (Dec 2015:N473.1 billion) in mandatory CRR balances, representing 22.5% of qualifying deposits with Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN). This amount represents 21.6% of the Bank’s customer deposits.


 increased by 14.7% y-o-y toN2.1 trillion (Dec 2015:N1.8 trillion), driven by the translation effect of the Naira devaluation. As a result, FCY loans now constitute 51.1%[23]of the loan portfolio (Dec 2015: 44.7%). The oil and gas sector which was predominantly impacted by the devaluation now accounts for 42.2% of the loanportfolio with the upstream segment accounting for 21.3%, downstream at 14.1% and services at 6.8%. Accordingly, the impact of devaluation because of translation including a classified legacy loan in one of our subsidiaries contributed to the growth in the non-performing loan book and the corresponding impairment charge.


There have been intense remediation and recovery activities forprompt declassification of the non-performing accounts. Significant progress has been made with approximately 5% of the loan book restructured. Oil and gas constitute about 70% of the restructured loans, with upstream at 30% and downstream and midstream (oil services) at 70%. Portfolio of subsidiaries reflect legacy assets but analysis indicate NPLs are less than 2%.

Furthermore, we have implemented various initiatives and overhauled our risk management approach from origination to recovery. Considerable emphasis has been placed on ensuring quality at entry, based on moderate risk appetite as well as an increase in portfolio diversification along obligor, industry, product and geography in the three-year portfolio strategy plan. We have seen progressive improvement in risk indicators from NPL, portfolio diversification to reverse trend in NPL formation.

Other key initiatives that have been instituted to prevent a recurrence of past events include a holistic culture change, retooling, training and automation of the credit process. To further strengthen the risk environment, we are overhauling the risk management framework across our subsidiary businesses including risk appetite, target market and risk acceptance criteria to align with moderate risk appetite. Similarly, the governance model and oversight of the subsidiaries has been enhanced through centralising the coordination of subsidiary risk management.


We continue to de-risk the balance sheet, especially from currency movement by converting loans from FCY to Naira as we prioritise loan growth to top tier corporates, trade and exportoriented transactions as well as the retail and consumer segments. We expect improvements in asset quality to manifest by end 2017 through 2018.

closed atN582.6 billion, up 0.7% y-o-y (Dec 2015:N578.8 billion), benefitting from revaluation gains ofN26.7 billion, taking foreign currency translation reserves toN34.8 billion (Dec 2015:N8.0 billion) as well as statutory credit reserve ofN21.2 billion, closing atN23.6 billion (Dec 2015:N2.4 billion). This was partly offset by a y-o-y decline in share premium and AFS fair value reserve by 7.7% and 51.1% toN233.4 billion andN27.5 billion respectively.


Capital adequacy ratio for FirstBank (Nigeria) closed at 17.8%(Dec 2015: 17.1%) above the current regulatory minimum of 15%, while tier 1 ratio was 13.97% (Dec 2015: 13.3%). Capital adequacy ratio for FBN Merchant Bank closed at 22.6% (Dec 2015: 23.0%) above the 10% required by regulation for MerchantBanks, with a tier 1 ratio of 25.9% (Dec 2015: 22.6%).

A dividend per share of N0.20 (133% of 2015 dividend payment)is proposed to shareholders. FBNHoldings’ ability to declare dividend whilst retaining all earnings at the Commercial Bank tosupport growth underpins the diversification of the Group’s earnings wherein other non-bank subsidiaries have been able tocushion the performance of the Group.


Liquidity ratio for FirstBank (Nigeria)closed at a healthy 52.7% (Dec 2015: 58.6%) above the 30% regulatory mark demonstrating the strong and stable funding profile of the franchise.

Business Groups[24][25][26]:

Commercial Banking.


*Gross earnings ofN5 billion, up 15.0% y-o-y (Dec 2015:N465.8 billion)

*.Net interest income ofN3 billion, up 13.6% y-o-y (Dec 2015:N258.9billion).

*Non-interest income ofN4 billion, up 84.5% y-o-y (Dec 2015:N76.1 billion).

*Operating expenses ofN0 billion, down 0.3% y-o-y (Dec 2015:N199.7 billion).

*.Profit before tax ofN7 billion, down 4.9% y-o-y (Dec 2015:N10.2 billion)

*.Profit after tax ofN8 billion, over 100% y-o-y (Dec 2015:N2.9 billion).

*.Total assets ofN51 trillion, up 13.6% y-o-y (Dec 2015:N3.97 trillion).

*Customers’ loans and advances (net) ofN09 trillion, up 14.9% y-o-y (Dec 2015:N1.82 trillion)


*.Customers’ deposits ofN0 trillion, up 4.3% y-o-y (Dec 2015:N2.9 trillion)

Commenting on the results Dr. Adesola Adeduntan, the MD/CEOof FirstBank and subsidiaries said:

“The Commercial Banking group has delivered a robust performance with a 15.6% y-o-y growth in gross earnings toN535.5 billion ina challenging operating environmentwhile addressing the quality of the asset portfolio and overhauling thegroup risk management governance and architecture.


During the year, we strengthened leadership in key business areas ensuring we have the appropriate skillset in place to driveus forward. We remain resolute in our commitment to transform the bank’s risk management approach towards sustainable improvement in asset quality, enhancing the revenue generation capacity of our business and optimising costs. In all, we will ensure profitable growth of the group leveraging technology to drive innovation as we position for improved performance”

FirstBank (Nigeria)[27](“FirstBank”)                    


 Gross earnings grew by 13.5% y-o-y toN478.2 billion (Dec 2015:N421.2 billion), driven by the 72.2% y-o-y increase in non-interest income toN127.5 billion (Dec 2015:N74.0 billion). Interest income remained flat, up only 0.5% toN339.3 billion (Dec 2015:N337.8 billion) with interest from investment securities, contributing 28.0% to total interest income, increasedby 13.5% y-o-y toN95.0 billion (Dec 2015:N83.7 billion). This growth was offset primarily by the decline in interest on loans tocustomers by 3.5% toN234.3 billion (Dec 2015:N242.8 billion). The impact of the flat interest income was mitigated by a 27.4%y-o-y reduction in interest expense toN79.7 billion (Dec 2015:N109.9 billion), in line with our strategic objective of improving efficiencies in our pricing structure. As a result, net interest margins grew stronger to 10.2% from 9.1% in the previous year as net interest income improved by 13.9% y-o-y toN259.6 billion(Dec 2015:N227.9 billion)


Non-interest income was largely driven by gains in foreign exchange income (>100%) and fees and commission income (+12.0%) resulting in a 72.2% y-o-y growth toN127.5 billion (DecN74.0 billion). Fees from electronic banking (+42.1% y-o-y) and account maintenance (+>100% y-o-y) essentially contributed to the growth in F&C, followed by money transfer commission (+65.5% y-o-y) and funds transfer & intermediation fees (+25.9% y-o-y) to a lesser extent.

Cost-to-income ratio at FirstBank (Nigeria) improved strongly from 59.3% in the previous year to 44.9% as at the end of the 2016 financial year. This is as a result of the 28.2% y-o-y growth in operating income toN387.0 billion (Dec 2015:N301.9 billion) supported by a 3.0% y-o-y decrease in operating expenses toN173.6 billion (Dec 2015:N179.0 billion). Reflected in the growth in electronic banking is the introduction of the USSD banking service, with over one million users currently, deepening financial inclusion by providing an alternative platform to customers to perform simple banking transactions without the use of a smart phone or internet service.


Asset quality challenges exacerbated by the scarcity of foreign currency to repay maturing obligations and the impact of foreign currency translation resulted in cost of risk of 9.1% from a 24.8% NPL with a coverage ratio of 50.3%. Despite this challenges, FirstBank(Nigeria) remained resilient and returned astronger profit before tax ofN53.5 billion (Dec 2015:N2.8 billion).

The Commercial Banking business contributed 91.4% (Dec 2015: 91.4%) to gross earnings of the Group and 38.4% (Dec 2015: 44.1%) profit before tax.

Merchant Banking & Asset Management (MBAM)[28]/



Notwithstanding the challenging operating environment, the merchant banking and asset management businesses recordeda strong performance, demonstrating the resilient and diversified nature of the business portfolio.

Total revenue increased by 13.5% toN37.8 billion fromN33.3 billion in Dec. 2015 while profit before tax increased by 28.8% toN13.7 billion fromN10.6 billion in Dec 2015. This performance reaffirms our position as one of the leading players in the merchant banking and asset management segment.

Assets under management (AuM) across the group (FBN Capital Asset Management and FBN Trustees) dipped slightly by 3% to close atN211 billion while total assets closed atN195.1 billion. Our businesses are well capitalised, with total group equity ofN48.1 billion, capital adequacy of about 22.6%, and 14% growth in the loan portfolio for the merchant bank.


Our equities brokerage business moved up one position to rank 5th in the top ten broker ranking, while our asset management business closed the year in the 3rd position based on SEC registered funds (2nd position in 2015) now back to the 2ndposition as at end of first quarter 2017.


Looking ahead, we expect the weak macroeconomic conditions to prevail in the first half of the year and anticipate a gradual pickup in business activity from the second half of 2017. We willcontinue to progress with organisational restructuring and optimisation of the merchant banking license. Our strategy remains to continue to accelerate growth, optimise internal and external collaboration, and excel in delivery by leveraging technology.

The Merchant Banking and Asset Management business contributed 6.4% (Dec 2015: 6.5%) to gross earnings of the Group and 49.3% (Dec 2015: 46.1%) profit before tax.


The insurance industry, similar to the rest of the financial services industry, was impacted by the volatile macroeconomic and operating environment in 2016. The decelerating trends hadhuge impacts on the Nigerian insurance industry as players re-evaluated their business approaches with a view to deliveringoptimal value to stakeholders. The industry also witnessed a number of reformatory initiatives from the regulator including the implementation of the 2009 corporate governance code anda draft road map for the transition to Risk Based Supervision (RBS) to enhance corporate governance and develop a focused risk supervisory approach in the industry.

In spite of the prevailing headwinds, we remained resolute in delivering a strong performance, further supporting our strategic view of positioning the group as a leading underwritingbusiness in the country. Amidst the economic challenges, the Gross Premium Written within the insurance group increased by6.0% to close at N11.6 billion (Dec 2015: N10.9 billion) with total revenue for the group increasing by 18.9% y-o-y toN12.5 billion in 2015 fromN10.5 billion in 2015, while profit before tax rose toN3.4 billion, up 50.4% y-o-y for the year Dec 2015, fromN2.3 billion in Dec 2015. The business group closed with a 36.9% y-o-y increase in Total assets toN32.3 billion (Dec 2015:N23.6 billion).

The success of the business in 2016 can be attributed to deeperretail penetration essentially in the life business and corporates in the general business. Other drivers include a combination of product innovation, robust risk management and efficient service delivery with increased investment income on account of improvement in securities yield. Going forward, we will remain focused on deepening our retail life footprints, which we consider as a sustainable market segment while driving agency expansion and enhancing productivity. Furthermore, we will expand annuity sales to new locations, enhance operational efficiency and effectiveness across key organisational functionsand leverage on technology for superior service delivery to customers. Overall, we are confident that in 2017, we will once again build on the successes of previous years.

The insurance business contributed2.1% (Dec 2015: 2.1%) to gross earnings of the Group and 12.3% (Dec 2015: 9.8%) to profit before tax.



[1]Prior year numbers have been adjusted for appropriate year-on-year comparison following respective board decisions to dispose and divest from Rainbow Town Development Limitedand FBN Mortgages Limited. These assets have been classified as held for sale / discontinued operations

(2]For continuing operation

(3]Appointments in the CBN regulated entities are subject to approval

(4]Post-tax return on average equity is computed as profit after tax before discontinued operations divided by the average of opening and closing balances attributable to equity holders

(5]Post-tax return on average assets is computed as profit aftertax before discontinued operations divided by the average of opening and closing balances of its total assets

(6]Earnings yield is computed as interest income divided by the average opening and closing balances of interest earning assets

(7]Non-interest income is net of fee and commission expenses

(8]Net-interest margin is computed as net interest income divided by the average opening and closing balances of interest earning assets

(9]Operating income is defined as net interest income plus non-interest income

(10]Cost of funds is computed as interest expense divided by average interest bearing liabilities

(11]Cost to income ratio computed as operating expenses divided by operating income

(12]Basic EPS is computed as profit after tax from continuing operations attributable to shareholders divided by average number of shares in issue

(13]NPL coverage is computed as loan loss provisions plus statutory credit reserve divided by gross NPLs

[14]PPOP – Pre-provision operating profit is computed as sum of operating profit and impairment charge

(15]Cost of risk is computed as credit impairment charges divided by the average opening and closing gross loans balances

(16]Total assets divided by shareholders’ equity

(17]BVPS – Book Value Per Share computed as total equity divided by number of outstanding shares

(18]AMCON and NDIC costs. AMCON cost dropped by 4.5% y-o-ytoN16.8 billion fromN17.6 billion while NDIC decreased by 2.5%y-o-y toN12.1 billion fromN12.4 billion

(19)From continued operations

(20]Interest earning investment securities grew by 23.1% y-o-y fromN970 billion toN1.2 trillion

(21]Adjusting for the impact of Naira devaluation, the Group’s deposit book would have declined by 2.5%

(22]Including Private Banking

(23]Pre-devaluation in June 2016, foreign currency loans represented 42.9% of total loans

(24]Please refer to the ‘Notes to Editors’ section on page14 for the companies in each business group

(25]The pre-consolidation numbers of each of the business groups have been considered in discussing their performance

(26) Post consolidation, the Commercial Banking, Merchant Bank & Asset Management, Insurance and Others contributed 91.6%, 6.2%, 2.1% and 0.2% (Dec 2015: 90.9%, 6.6%, 2.0% and 0.6%) respectively to the Group’s gross earnings and 36.1%, 59.7%, 14.9% and -10.7% (Dec 2015: 56.0%, 47.9%, 10.0% and -14.0%) to the Group’s profit before tax

(27]This relates to FirstBank Nigeria only

(28]Following the acquisition of the Merchant Banking License in the latter part of 2015, the Merchant Banking & Asset Management Business (MBAM) is also known as FBNQuest